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Healthcare in Iran and Agriculture in Iran Pharmaceuticals and medical equipment do not fall under international sanctions, but Iran is facing shortages of drugs for the treatment of 30 illnesses—including cancerheart and breathing problems, thalassemia and multiple sclerosis MS —because it is not allowed to use international payment systems. The government is still supplying hard currency for essential and other key imports. The social and economic effects rencontre fille iran sanctions have also been severe, rencontre fille iran, [54] with even those who doubt their efficacy, such as John Boltondescribing the EU sanctions, rencontre fille iran, in particular, as "tough, even brutal. According to Steinitz, Iran would be forced to accept only cash or gold, which is impossible when dealing with billions of dollars. The government has also threatened to arrest the unofficial currency traders who sell dollars at less than the rate of about 28, to the dollar.



The social and economic effects of sanctions have also been severe, [54] with even those who doubt their efficacy, such as John Bolton , describing the EU sanctions, in particular, as "tough, even brutal.

The only substitute is to find compensatory measures requiring more time and money, and which are less effective. This has weakened Iranian civil society and strengthened the state. The rate increase was a setback for Ahmadinejad, who had been using below-inflation rates to provide cheap loans to the poor, though naturally Iranian bankers were delighted by the increase. This insurance ban will affect 95 percent of the tanker fleet because their insurance falls under rules governed by European law.

According to Steinitz, Iran would be forced to accept only cash or gold, which is impossible when dealing with billions of dollars. The results of this fall led to a drop in revenues and clashes on the streets of Tehran when the local currency, the rial , collapsed.

Politics of Iran 94 Iranian Parliamentarians signed a formal request to have Ahmadinejad appear before the Majles parliament to answer questions about the currency crisis.

His ideologies seem to have alienated a large portion of the parliament, and stand in contrast to the standpoint of the Supreme Leader. Kenneth Katzman, for the Congressional Research Service , listed the following factors as major examples of economic mismanagement on the part of the Iranian government: Iran has been storing some unsold oil on tankers in the Persian Gulf , and it is building new storage tanks on shore.

Iran has stored excess oil 21 million barrels, according to Citigroup Global Markets to try to keep production levels up—shutting down wells risks harming them and it is costly and time consuming to resume production at a well that has been shut. However, since July , Iran reportedly has been forced to shut down some wells, and overall oil production has fallen to about 2.

Compounding the loss of oil sales by volume is that many of its oil transactions reportedly are now conducted on a barter basis—or in exchange for gold, which is hard currency but harder to use than cash is. The government is still supplying hard currency for essential and other key imports.

Importers for essential goods can obtain dollars at the official rate of 12, to the dollar, and importers of other key categories of goods can obtain dollars at a new rate of 28, to the dollar. The government has also threatened to arrest the unofficial currency traders who sell dollars at less than the rate of about 28, to the dollar.

The few unofficial traders that remain active are said to be trading at approximately that rate so as not to risk arrest. Some Iranians and outside economists worry that hyperinflation might result. Almost all Iranian factories depend on imports and the currency collapse has made it difficult for Iranian manufacturing to operate. Some ships have been impounded by various countries for nonpayment of debts due on them.

Others say the government has begun "means testing" in order to reduce social spending payments to some of the less needy families. Phase one of that program began in December after several years of debate and delay, and was praised for rationalizing gasoline prices. Before the subsidy phase out, gasoline was sold for about 40 cents per gallon.

Iran produces cars for the domestic market, such as the Khodro , based on licenses from European auto makers such as Renault and Peugeot. The currency collapse has largely overtaken the findings of an IMF forecast, released in October , which Iran would return to economic growth in , after a small decline in However, this trend generally benefits the urban elite.

Petroleum industry in Iran According to the U. Energy Department warned that imposing oil embargoes on Iran would increase world oil prices by widening the gap between supply and demand.

This is enough, at current[ when? Healthcare in Iran and Agriculture in Iran Pharmaceuticals and medical equipment do not fall under international sanctions, but Iran is facing shortages of drugs for the treatment of 30 illnesses—including cancer , heart and breathing problems, thalassemia and multiple sclerosis MS —because it is not allowed to use international payment systems.

Western governments have built waivers into the sanctions regime to ensure that essential medicines get through, but those waivers conflict with blanket restrictions on banking, as well as bans on "dual-use" chemicals that might have a military as well as a medical application. An estimated 40, haemophiliacs cannot get blood-clotting medicines, and operations on haemophiliacs have been virtually suspended because of the risks created by the shortages.

The society representing the 8, Iranians suffering from thalassemia, an inherited blood disorder, has said its members are beginning to die because of a lack of an essential drug, deferoxamine , used to control the iron content in the blood.

Further, Iran can no longer buy medical equipment such as autoclaves , essential for the production of many drugs, because some of the biggest Western pharmaceutical companies refuse to do business with the country. Because of patent protections, substitutions for advanced medicines are often unattainable, particularly when it comes to diseases such as cancer and multiple sclerosis. They described the sanctions as an "unfair" and "illogical" tool, arguing that a freer economy would lead to less political enmity and encourage amicable relationships between countries.

They also noted that sanctions against one country punish not only the people of that country, but also the people of its trade partners.



It has been suggested that United States sanctions against Iran be merged into this article. Proposed since March Avis clients de Teleshopping | Moyenne de /10 calculee a partir de avis clients pour smirked-comply.gq

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